History of the tragedy
Various reports and other features reveals that there has been an Endosulfan tragedy in Kasaragod.
Endosulfan, a highly toxic organochlorine pesticide was sprayed in the cashew plantations in Kasaragod District sine 1976, till 2001 regularly three times every year. The aerial spraying of Endosulfan was allegedly undertaken to contain the menace of the tea mosquito bug. The intensive use of Endosulfan results in a chemical disaster (similar to the case of Bhopal gas leak disaster – http://www.bhopal.net,http://www.bhopal.org)
Just after three years, the ill effects of Endosulfan spraying came
to notice. As early as 1979, stunted growth and deformed limbs were
noticed among new born calves. By 1990s health disorders of very serious
nature among the human population came to the lime light. Children were
found to be the worst affected with congenital anomalies, mental retardation,
physical deformities, cerebral palsy, epilepsy, hydrocephalus etc. Men
and women were also affected with various chronic ailments, many irreversible
and difficult to treat. There is a high incidence of disorders of the
central nerves system, Cancer and reproductive disorders. The National
Institute Occupational Health (Indian Council of Medical Research) says
that after studying various aetiological factors responsible for health
problem was aerial spraying of Endosulfan.