From the mid of 1990’s, the community living near plantations had been complaining against the spraying of Endosulfan. Since then the struggle of the local poeple have beeen going on in the courts, in the corridors of power and academies and in the streets.
Thestruggle got wide support from many wihtin and outside the country. The struggle in Kasaragod became a forerunner for many initiatives against endosulfan spraying and relief measures to the victims.
Enquiry Commissions
Govt of Kerala and Govt. of India had appointed 11 various commissions to inquire about the issue. Various Non Govt.Organisations also made some studies at their own level. Most of the studies revealed the hazards of Endosulfan use and its impact on the food, water and beverages. These enquiry reports some how finds that pesticide Endosulfan is responsible for the horrendous mutations and ailments that many in the villages of Kasaragod district are suffering form.
Court Orders
A victim, Smt. Leela Kumari Amma approached a lower court (Munsif Court, Hosdurg) in 2001 and the court temporarily stayed aerial spraying of Endosulfan in Cashew plantations. In 2003, the High Court of Kerala upheld the order of lower court and it permanently stopped Endosulfan spraying. Thus, the Govt.of Kerala was forced to impose a ban on the use of Endosulfan in 2004.It was a welcome relief for the people of Kasaragod. Consequently, the Govt.of India banned the sale and use of Endosulfan in Kerala from 2005 onwards.
A massive movement was arouse as the part of struggle in the streets at different stages. A march of thousands of protesters was held on August 2004 demanding Endosulfan Quit – India infront of Kasaragod District Collectorate. The students of school and colleges in Kasaragod District remembered the victims of Endosulfan spray on the Hiroshima Commemoration Day (August 16).
The Kasaragod District Panchayath organised a march infront of the Legislative Assemble of Kerala at Thiruvananthapuram demanding to provide relief measures to the victims. The people and NGOs had organised various struggles at their own level against the silent killer Endosulfan.
Relief and Remedial Intiatives

The Kasaragod District Panchayath, the Govt.of Kerla, its different department and NGO’s had made some efforts to provide relief and remedial measures to Endosulfan affected community.
The Kasaragod District Panchayath organised medical check up camps at the affected villages and a super specialty referral medical cap at district level. The District Panchayath also supplied medicines to the needy persons freely for last two years.
The Department of Health also organised medical camp as a follow-up of initiated by District Panchayath. It also issued Health cards to more than 4600 victims identified in the medical camps Also disability certificates were issued to needy persons
The Kasaragod District Panchayath organised a Consultative Workshop in 2005 to chalk out a plan of remedy for this man made tragedy.
The workshop brought out a vision document for launching a comprehensive relief and remedial system for the Endosulfan affected community.According to the proposals of this vision document, the Govt.of Kerala appointed Endosulfan Victims Relief and Remediation Cell at the auspicious of Kasaragod District Panchayath.
The Govt.of Kerala had distributed Rs.89 lakhs to the dependents of 178 deceased persons of Endosulfan tragedy in the district and allotted another Rs.50 lakhs for the treatment of living victims.