the mid of 1990’s, the community living near plantations had
been complaining against the spraying of Endosulfan. Since then the
struggle of the local poeple have beeen going on in the courts, in
the corridors of power and academies and in the streets.
got wide support from many wihtin and outside the country. The struggle
in Kasaragod became a forerunner for many initiatives against endosulfan
spraying and relief measures to the victims.
Govt of Kerala and Govt. of India had appointed 11 various commissions
to inquire about the issue. Various Non Govt.Organisations also made
some studies at their own level. Most of the studies revealed the
hazards of Endosulfan use and its impact on the food, water and beverages.
These enquiry reports some how finds that pesticide Endosulfan is
responsible for the horrendous mutations and ailments that many in
the villages of Kasaragod district are suffering form.
A victim, Smt. Leela Kumari Amma approached a lower court (Munsif
Court, Hosdurg) in 2001 and the court temporarily stayed aerial spraying
of Endosulfan in Cashew plantations. In 2003, the High Court of Kerala
upheld the order of lower court and it permanently stopped Endosulfan
spraying. Thus, the Govt.of Kerala was forced to impose a ban on the
use of Endosulfan in 2004.It was a welcome relief for the people of
Kasaragod. Consequently, the Govt.of India banned the sale and use
of Endosulfan in Kerala from 2005 onwards.
massive movement was arouse as the part of struggle in the streets
at different stages. A march of thousands of protesters was held on
August 2004 demanding Endosulfan Quit – India infront of Kasaragod
District Collectorate. The students of school and colleges in Kasaragod
District remembered the victims of Endosulfan spray on the Hiroshima
Commemoration Day (August 16).
The Kasaragod District Panchayath organised
a march infront of the Legislative Assemble of Kerala at Thiruvananthapuram
demanding to provide relief measures to the victims. The people and
NGOs had organised various struggles at their own level against the
silent killer Endosulfan.
and Remedial Intiatives
The Kasaragod District Panchayath, the Govt.of Kerla, its different
department and NGO’s had made some efforts to provide relief
and remedial measures to Endosulfan affected community.
||The Kasaragod District Panchayath organised medical check up camps
at the affected villages and a super specialty referral medical cap
at district level. The District Panchayath also supplied medicines
to the needy persons freely for last two years.
|The Department of
Health also organised medical camp as a follow-up of initiated by
District Panchayath. It also issued Health cards to more than 4600
victims identified in the medical camps Also disability certificates
were issued to needy persons
|The Kasaragod District Panchayath organised a Consultative Workshop
in 2005 to chalk out a plan of remedy for this man made tragedy.
workshop brought out a vision document for launching a comprehensive
relief and remedial system for the Endosulfan affected community.According to the proposals of this vision document, the Govt.of Kerala
appointed Endosulfan Victims Relief and Remediation Cell at the auspicious
of Kasaragod District Panchayath.
||The Govt.of Kerala had distributed
Rs.89 lakhs to the dependents of 178 deceased persons of Endosulfan
tragedy in the district and allotted another Rs.50 lakhs for the treatment
of living victims.